The CROW Act gives us all a right of access to all the Peak District Moors, but it also gives moorland owners the opportunity to restrict dogs. The crucial time for all this is the nesting season in spring and summer but some restrictions do apply year round. There have been some incidents recently and I've set out the full details of how the legislation works below. It's quite lengthy so any questions please get in touch with me.
Section 23 of the CROW Act gives grouse moor owners the discretion to ban dogs from the Access Land for up to five years at a time, renewable on application.
Schedule 2 of CROW states that where the landowner hasn't banned dogs, dogs must still be on a 'short-lead' from 1st March to 31st July and at all times within the vicinity of livestock.
The above legislation does not apply to Public Rights of Way, where dogs must be under close control at all times.
A breach in either Section 23 or Schedule 2 constitutes a trespass against the landowner (technically the person with the dog foregoes their right of access), and may be asked to leave by the owner or his agent (eg gamekeeper). Under CROW Section 2(4) they will not be entitled to go on the land for 72 hours after leaving. There is no requirement for signage, though of course it helps with regard to enforcement.
The land to which this legislation applies in the Peak District is shown on the Natural England web-site http://www.openaccess.naturalengland.org.uk/wps/po.... Additionally, annual restrictions are shown on the NPA web-site http://www.peakdistrict.gov.uk/visiting/crow/crow-...
In brief, the dog bans apply on the private grouse moors of the north-east of the National Park, plus other grouse moors such as Offerton/Abney, Combs Moss, Axe Edge and Eyam moors.